About Old and New Dialectic: Dialogues, Fallacies, and Strategies

Erik C. W. Krabbe, Jan Albert van Laar

Abstract


We shall investigate the similarities and dissimilarities between old and new dialectic. For the ‘old dialectic’, we base our survey mainly on Aristotle’s Topics and Sophistical Refutations, whereas for the ‘new dialectic’, we turn to contemporary views on dialogical interaction, such as can, for the greater part, be found in Walton’s The New Dialectic. Three issues are taken up: types of dialogue, fallacies, and strategies. Though one should not belittle the differences in scope and outlook that obtain between the old and the new dialectic, the paper will show that in many respects the old dialectic foreshadows the new dialectic.

Keywords


activity type, argumentation theme, Aristotle, blunder, critical discussion, dialectic, dialectical discussion, eristic discussion, fallacy, function of reasoning, new dialectic, peirastic discussion, persuasion dialogue, type of dialogue

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22329/il.v27i1.463

ISSN: 0824-2577