The Abuses of Argument: Understanding Fallacies on Toulmin’s Layout of Argument

Andrew Pineau


This paper provides a preliminary account of fallacies on Toulmin’s model of argument, one that improves upon previous attempts to understand fallacies on this argument scheme. To do this Johnson and Blair’s (1983) taxonomy of three basic fallacies (irrelevant reason, hasty conclusion and problematic premise) is examined using Toulmin’s layout.


backing, data, fallacy, J. Anthony Blair, qualifier, Ralph Johnson, Stephen Toulmin, Toulmin model, warrant

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ISSN: 0824-2577