Inference Claims

David Hitchcock

Abstract


A conclusion follows from given premisses if and only if an acceptable counterfactual-supporting covering generalization of the argument rules out, either definitively or with some modal qualification, simultaneous acceptability of the premisses and non-accepta-bility of the conclusion, even though it does not rule out acceptability of the premisses and does not require acceptability of the conclusion independently of the premisses. Hence the reiterative associated conditional of an argument is true if and only it has such a covering generalization, and a supposed unexpressed premiss supplied to make an argument formally valid should be a covering generalization.

Keywords


argument, associated conditional, consequence, counterfactual-supporting generalization, covering generalization, inference, inference claim, material conditional, truth-preservation, truth-transmission

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22329/il.v31i3.3400

ISSN: 0824-2577