The Paradox of Analogy

David Botting

Abstract


I will show that there is a type of analogical reasoning that instantiates a pattern of reasoning in confirmation theory that is considered at best paradoxical and at worst fatal to the entire syntactical approach to confirmation and explanation. However, I hope to elaborate conditions under which this is a sound (although not necessarily strong) method of reasoning.

Keywords


analogy; confirmation; induction

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22329/il.v32i1.3143

ISSN: 0824-2577