Dominance and Affiliation: Paradigms in Conflict

Maryann Ayim

Abstract


Gender patterns in speech styles provide us with models of both the dominant confrontational
style (male) and the affiliative nurturant style (female). In this paper, I argue that dominant confrontational styles are seriously problematic, in
speech as well as in behaviour generally, whereas affiliative nurturant styles offer us a model which can be generalized without contradiction. I distinguish confrontation from competition and address briefly how our classrooms might be used to teach affiliative nurturant styles of talking and living.

Keywords


dominance, competition, affiliativeness, gender patterns in conversations

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22329/il.v13i2.2557

ISSN: 0824-2577