Defining the Term "Argument"

P. Chittleborough, M.E. Newman

Abstract


Informal logic has expanded the concept of an 'argument' beyond that presented traditionally by formal logicians-to include arguments as encountered in 'real-life'. Existent definitions
of argument structure are argued to be inadequate by failing to fully recognise that, ultimately, arguments have a human source. Accordingly, a new definition is proposed which appeals to relevant cognitive and behavioural factors. The
definition retains some traditional concepts, but introduces the term 'supportive' as a modification to 'premiss'. The concept of a 'persuader' is also developed. The definition is argued to capture more fully the intricacies, subtleties and rich diversity of informal arguments.

Keywords


argument, definition, informal logic, human factors

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22329/il.v15i3.2486

ISSN: 0824-2577