Rationality, Judgment, and Argument Assessment

Paul Healy

Abstract


In contrast to approaches to critical thinking which emphasize the importance of rules, strategies and criteria for the analysis and evaluation of arguments, this paper seeks to vindicate
the central role which judgment plays in the assessment process. To counteract charges of arbitrariness or subjectivism in the exercise of judgment, individual and intersubjective constraints are outlined which can ensure its reliable exercise.
The contextuality of argumentation, as it affects judgment, is discussed, and some conclusions are drawn about how acknowledgment of the role of judgment in argumentation can influence our conception of the reasoning process.

Keywords


rationality, judgment, argumentation, rule-following, know-how, expertise, contextuality, interpretation

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22329/il.v16i1.2433

ISSN: 0824-2577