The Metaphoric Fallacy to a Deductive Inference

Michael P Berman, Brian A Lightbody

Abstract


Our article identifies and describes the metaphoric fallacy to a deductive inference (MFDI) that is an example of incorrect reasoning along the lines of the false analogy fallacy. The MFDI proceeds from informal semantical (metaphorical) claims to a supposedly formally deductive and necessary inference. We charge that such an inference is invalid. We provide three examples of the MFDI to demonstrate the structure of this invalid form of reasoning. Our goal is to contribute to the set of known informal fallacies.


Keywords


metaphor, fallacy, analogy, critical thinking, reasoning

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22329/il.v30i2.1192

ISSN: 0824-2577