Jumping to a Conclusion: Fallacies and Standards of Proof

Douglas Walton, Thomas F. Gordon

Abstract


Five errors that fit under the category of jumping to a conclusion are identified: (1) arguing from premises that are insufficient as
evidence to prove a conclusion (2) fallacious argument from ignorance, (3) arguing to a wrong conclusion, (4) using defeasible reasoning without being open to exceptions, and (5) overlooking/suppressing evidence. It is shown that jumping to a conclusion is best seen not as a fallacy itself, but as a more general category of faulty argumentation pattern underlying these errors and some related fallacies.

Keywords


defeasible reasoning, classification of fallacies, ignoring exceptions, secundum quid fallacy, burden of proof, errors of reasoning, suppression of evidence

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22329/il.v29i2.1227

ISSN: 0824-2577