The Effectiveness of Computer Assisted Instruction in Critical Thinking
278 non-freshman university students taking a l2-week critical thinking course in a large single-section class, with computer-assisted guided practice as a replacement for small-group discussion, and all testing in machine-scored multiple-choice format, improved their critical thinking skills, as measured by the California Critical Thinking Skills Test (Forms A and B), by half a standard deviation, a moderate improvement. The improvement was more than that reported with a traditional format without computer-assisted instruction, but less than that reported with a format using both computer-assisted instruction and essay-type assignments. Further studies are needed to test hypotheses suggested by these results.
critical thinking, skills, instruction, computer-assisted instruction, multiplechoice testing, CCTST, effectiveness, education